Keng Tung

   (Kyaingtong)
   Also Kengtung, the largest of the old Shan States, located east of the Salween (Thanlwin) River and encompassing approximately 31,100 square kilometers (12,000 square miles) before the autonomy of its sawbwa was relinquished in 1959. The name also refers to the city that was the sawbwa's royal capital, the site of his haw or palace, which is now the most important town in eastern Shan State. Home of the Tai Khun, a branch of the Shan (Tai) ethnic group, Keng Tung traces its origins to the late 13th century, when the fortified city (möng in the Shan language) was established by a Tai ruler related to the royal family of Chiang Mai. The original inhabitants of the Keng Tung area were apparently Wa, although the most numerous "hill tribe" people are Akha. In the late 1760s, conflicting claims of suzerainty over Keng Tung were among the causes of a war between King Hsinbyushin and the Manchu Ch'ing (Qing) Dynasty. The city has long been an important waystation in the trade between China and Thailand. A 19th-century British account tells of an annual traffic of 8,000 mules bringing Chinese goods by way of Keng Tung to Chiang Mai. During the British colonial period the sawbwa of Keng Tung, like his counterparts in other Shan States, enjoyed considerable autonomy. During World War II, the Japanese transferred suzerainty over Keng Tung and another Shan State, Mongpan, to Thailand.
   After Burma became independent in 1948, Keng Tung suffered heavily from war, insurgency, and, after 1988, the full impact of military rule. In the early 1990s, the State Law and Order Restoration Council opened an overland route for foreign travelers from Mae Sai on the Thai-Burma border to Keng Tung, and the city is likely to play an important role in the development of highway links connecting eastern and northern Shan State with Thailand and China. The headquarters of the Triangle Regional Military Command of the Tatmadaw is located there, and the Keng Tung area is subject to heavy cultural "Burmanization."
   Among Keng Tung's monuments are the Wat Zom Kham, which according to legend dates from the lifetime of Gotama Buddha and is said to contain six of his hairs, the Naung Tung Lake in the center of town, and the old city gate (the city was originally surrounded by a wall). Keng Tung is famous for its lacquerware. Over the protests of local people, the ornate haw or palace of the sawbwa was torn down by the military regime in 1991 and replaced by a tourist hotel.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Keng Tung — is the most extensive of the Shan States in the province of Myanmar. It lies almost entirely east of the Salween River and its area is over convert|12000|sqmi|km2. It is bounded on the north by the states of Mang Lon, Mong Lem and Keng Hung (Hsip …   Wikipedia

  • Chung Keng Quee — 鄭景貴 Traditional Chinese 鄭 …   Wikipedia

  • Tiu Keng Leng (MTR) — La station Tiu Keng Leng, terminus de la Ligne Kwun Tong Tiu Keng Leng (Chinois : 調景嶺, Jyutping : tiu4 ging2 ling5; pinyin : Tiáojǐnglǐng) est une station située à Tiu Keng Leng. La mairie consiste en un échangeur entre la ligne… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shan State —    In land area, the largest of Burma s states and divisions, covering 155,801 square kilometers or (155 square miles). It contains 11 districts (Taunggyi, Loilem, Lashio, Muse, Kyaukme, Kunlong, Laukkai, Keng Tung, Monghsat, Monghpyak, and… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Shan States —    The term refers to both to a unique kind of polity established by Shans (Tai) in various parts of Burma since at least the 13th century and a group of such polities, known as the Federated Shan States after 1922, which enjoyed a measure of… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Wat Zom Kham —    (Wat Jong Kham)    A major Buddhist site in Keng Tung, eastern Shan State, which according to legend stands at a place visited by Gotama Buddha during his lifetime, but probably dates from the late 13th century, when Keng Tung was established …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Shan language — language name=Shan familycolor=Tai Kadai states=Burma, Thailand region=Asia speakers=3.3 million rank=126 fam1=Tai Kadai fam2=Kam Tai fam3=Be Tai fam4=Tai Sek fam5=Tai fam6=Southwestern Tai fam7=Northwestern Tai iso2=shn|iso3=shnThe Shan language …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1348 — 1347 state leaders Events of 1348 1349 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Egypt (Bahri dynasty) Nasir ad Din al Hasan, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (1347 1351) *Ethiopia (Solomonic dynasty) Newaya Krestos, Emperor of Ethiopia (1344 1372) *Kanem …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1339 — 1338 state leaders Events of 1339 1340 state leaders State leaders by year Africa *Ethiopia Solomonic dynasty Amda Seyon I Emperor of Ethiopia (1314 1344) **Ifat (Walashma dynasty; tributary Ethiopian state) ***Sabr ad Din I, Amir of Ifat (C.1330 …   Wikipedia

  • Список городов Мьянмы — …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.